Autores: Víctor M. Vidal-Martínez, Iván Velázquez-Abunader, Oscar Arturo Centeno-Chalé, Ana Luisa May-Tec, Lilia C. Soler-Jiménez, Daniel Pech, Ismael Mariño-Tapia, Cecilia Enriquez, Omar Zapata-Pérez, Jorge Herrera-Silveira, David I. Hernández-Mena, Sharon Z. Herzka, Uriel Ordoñez-López, M. Leopoldina Aguirre-Macedo

DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071-019-3524-6

Abstract

We assessed metrics of the metazoan parasite infracommunities of the dusky flounder (Syacium papillosum) as indicators of aquatic environmental health of the Yucatan Shelf (YS) prior to oil extraction. We sampled the dusky flounder and its parasites along the YS, mostly during the 2015 north wind season (November–April). Our aims were: (i) to determine whether the parasite infracommunity metrics of S. papillosum exhibit significant differences among YS subregions; (ii) to determine whether the probability of the occurrence of its parasite species and individuals were affected by environmental variables, nutrients, heavy metals and hydrocarbons at the seascape level; and (iii) to determine whether there were statistical differences between the parasite infracommunity metrics of S. papillosum from YS and those of Syacium gunteri from the Campeche Sound. Multivariate statistical analyses and generalised additive models (GAMs) were used to examine the potential statistical associations between the contaminants, environmental variables and parasite community metrics, and the maximum entropy algorithm (MaxEnt) was used to characterise the habitat’s suitability for the parasite’s probability of occurrence.

Keywords: Dusky flounder Metazoan parasites Bioindicators Environmental impact Hydrocarbons Heavy metals Contamination Yucatan Mexico

Disponible en: Parasites & Vectors